There area variety of Natural Stone surfaces, the most popular choices for countertops are Granite and Marble. Surface One fabricates many other Natural Stone products for countertops as well as other applications, including Soapstone, Limestone, Onyx, Quartzite and Travertine. Each material has a unique appeal based on color, texture and the varying levels of durability. Some Natural Stone products are more porous and therefore require more maintenance. Non-porous stone often performs better in high-use areas, such as kitchens and baths. The Surface One design experts will assist you in selecting the perfect stone for your design.
Natural Stone surfaces can be fabricated with several different edge choices, including mitered edges, bull nose, waterfall edges, ogee edges and bevels. The design experts at Surface One can assist you in selecting the best Natural Stone product and edge profile to meet your design needs. The Surface One design team is highly experienced in sourcing unique materials and patterns for high-end designs as well as sourcing highly functional materials for special commercial needs, such as hospitality, food service and healthcare.
Granite is a natural product that is quarried from the earth and then cut and processed by machine. Because of its mineral content and extreme hardness, Granite can be polished to a mirror-like finish. Honed Granite is stone that has not been polished, resulting in a smooth, matte finish that may be lighter in color than polished stone. Because of it’s natural qualities, each piece of Granite is unique in color and design. Surface One sources beautiful and unique Granite slabs from within the United States and from around the World.
Granite is an excellent choice for kitchens, baths, bars, serving areas, reception areas, conference tables and more. It is very durable and will last for generations with minor upkeep. Granite can be finished with a variety of edges, including bevels, bulls, ogees and it is a popular material choice for waterfall edges.
Limestone is a sedimentary rock that has a smooth surface that is usually honed, not shiny. It is neutral in color and and the stone often has shells and fossils embedded in the surface giving it a natural and organic appearance. Limestone requires more care and maintenance that other natural stones, such as Marble and Granite, because it is a porous material that is softer and more reactive to acid.
Limestone is a popular choice for flooring and cladding on the interior and exterior of buildings. It can be sealed, but care must be taken to avoid using acidic cleaning chemicals which can alter or etch the surface and change the appearance.
Marble countertops are processed in a variety of beautiful and stunning patterns. Known for it’s elegant look, Marble will patina over time which adds to the richness and beauty of the surface. Like Granite, Marble is available in a variety of colors and textures from around the World. Textures and veins will vary in each slab.
Marble is higher maintenance than Granite and is susceptible to staining from oils and acids, such as lemon juice or salad dressing. While Marble may show wear over time, it can be restored by honing and polishing, making it a very sustainable product. Marble has been a popular choice for bathrooms, showers, flooring and fireplace surrounds, as well as kitchen countertops.
Onyx is a sedimentary rock that forms in caves as stalactites and stalagmites. It is a premium specialty surface for the discerning customer looking for a rare and unique surface. Onyx surfaces are characterized by brilliant colors in dramatic swirling patterns that look like works of art. Onyx can be translucent which lends to creative uses, such as bar tops and islands that are light from underneath accent the unique pattern and colors of the Onyx.
Onyx is also often used in vertical applications. An Onyx surface will create a dramatic focal point in a kitchen, bathroom, bar or entryway. It is not as strong as other natural stone material, and it can be susceptible to staining and etching, so it does require some extra care and maintenance.
Quartzite is a naturally occurring metamorphic rock that starts out as sandstone and transforms into Quartzite through heat and pressure. It is often confused with Quartz, which is a man-made product manufactured from Quartz crystals. Quartzite is an extremely hard stone with great strength and density that is not affected by acidic liquids.
Pure Quartzite is usually white or grey, it is the impurities within the stone that create a variety of dynamic colors and patterns. Quartzite is known for it’s unique beauty and strength. It is resistant to stains and etching and is a popular choice for kitchen and bathroom surfaces, as well as walls and flooring.
Soapstone is quarried like Granite and Marble. It is rich in color and texture and is soft to the touch. Soapstone naturally retains heat, making it an excellent choice for fireplace liners, wood stoves and pizza ovens. Soapstone is siliceous, which means it is resistant to acids such as wine, lemons and vinegar. Soapstone does not have to be sealed, but it does need to be treated with mineral oil to enhance the darkening process and tends to form a patina over time.
Soapstone is commonly used in laboratories because of it’s chemical resistance. A Soapstone countertop will have a velvety feel Soapstone, it will not burn and requires little maintenance, making it an interesting alternative to more popular natural stone such as Marble and Granite.
Travertine is a sedimentary rock that is formed in hot springs and is characterized by natural cavities in its surface that are spongelike in appearance. These cavities are typically filled with grout or epoxy to provide a smooth and more durable surface. Travertine tiles are popular for their texture and subtle color, and are often used in bathrooms and kitchens. Travertine is can be fabricated with a variety of finishes; it can be honed, polished, brushed or tumbled.
Travertine is a porous surface and can be altered and stained by acidic liquids and cleaners. It is rarely used in kitchens but has become a popular choice for bathroom and decorative surfaces.